PM's counterparts at summit will refuse to widen Brexit negotiations but talk up her efforts for fear of weakening her further
European Union leaders at a crunch summit dinner are set to rebuff Theresa May's appeal for trade talks while they seek to publicly talk up her efforts in the Brexit negotiations because they fear that the prime minister's domestic weakness will leave her unable to make vital concessions on Britain's divorce bill.
The German chancellor, Angela Merkel, will lead European leaders in Brussels on Thursday in seeking to put the best gloss on their refusal to widen the talks, according to diplomatic sources. âThere are ways to say it kindly and encouragingly or less kindly and less encouraging,â said one senior EU diplomat.
Exclusive: a year after Britain took in hundreds of âDubs' children, charities say delays are causing distress and at least one young person has been left sleeping rough
Lone children brought to the UK from Calais following a campaign last year are facing bureaucratic limbo and precarious living conditions, which has led in at least one case to a young person sleeping on the street.
A year after the arrival of the first children under the so-called Dubs scheme, which brought unaccompanied asylum-seeking children from Calais to the UK, the Guardian found that many are still waiting to hear if they will be allowed to stay in the country.
â¢ MP Damian Collins calls for Martin Glenn and Greg Clarke to step down â¢ Chief executive Glenn denies blackmail on remarkable day of evidence â¢ FA apologises to Aluko and Spence for racial remarks by Mark Sampson
The Football Association's senior management were facing calls for multiple resignations after a calamitous day for the people running the sport when their failings in the Mark Sampson affair were brutally exposed and the chief executive, Martin Glenn, was accused of behaviour âbordering on blackmailâ by one of the England Women's footballers whose complaints of racial remarks have finally been proven.
In a remarkable day of evidence before the digital, culture, sport and media committee, the FA issued a full apology to Eni Aluko and Drew Spence after a third inquiry, instigated on the back of the Guardian's investigation into the previous two processes, concluded that Sampson, the now-deposed manager, had made discriminatory remarks to both players.
Tories under fire for abstaining from vote hours after work and pensions secretary David Gauke ends helpline charges
Labour inflicted a symbolic defeat on the government over universal credit on Wednesday night, hours after work and pensions secretary David Gauke announced he would end a 55p-a-minute helpline for welfare claimants.
Up to two dozen Conservative MPs had said they may support a Labour motion, which called for ministers to âpause and fixâ the controversial welfare reform, which the government whipped its MPs to abstain on. In the end, however, just one Conservative MP, the chair of the health select committee Sarah Wollaston, voted with Labour.
Only one in six low-paid workers in the last 10 years managed to secure a full-time job with better pay, says analysis by Social Mobility Commission
Britain's low pay culture traps people in poorly paid jobs and prevents them from escaping into full-time work with better pay, according to a major study by the government-backed body that tracks social mobility.
Only one in six workers on low pay managed in the last 10 years to push themselves up the pay ladder and stay there, while most remained stuck in a cycle of part-time and insecure jobs.
Three-quarters of flying insects in nature reserves across Germany have vanished in 25 years, with serious implications for all life on Earth, scientists say
The abundance of flying insects has plunged by three-quarters over the past 25 years, according to a new study that has shocked scientists.
Insects are an integral part of life on Earth as both pollinators and prey for other wildlife and it was known that some species such as butterflies were declining. But the newly revealed scale of the losses to all insects has prompted warnings that the world is âon course for ecological Armageddonâ, with profound impacts on human society.
Research suggests BAME inmates have greater chance of segregation or restraint being used against them
Black and Muslim offenders are more likely to be badly treated in prison, leading to poorer outcomes and mental health concerns, research has found.
The Runnymede Trust, a race equality thinktank, and the University of Greenwich investigated the treatment of male black and minority ethnic (BAME) prisoners, surveying over 340 inmates across four prisons.
Donald Trump dug in on Wednesday as his comments about fallen soldiers spiralled into the second major dispute of his political career with a bereaved military family.
Speaking to reporters in the White House, Trump contradicted the accounts of Sgt La David Johnson's mother and a Florida congresswoman, who were in the car with the soldier's widow, Myeshia Johnson, when Trump called her. They listened to the conversation on speakerphone.
The gimmicky cosmetic lenses should only be sold by a registered optician or doctor who is qualified to provide after-care advice, but are increasingly sold cheaply and illegally online, in shops and on market stalls.
Murdered investigative journalist's sons tell of attempts on their mother's life, and why they blame a âtakedown of the rule of law' in Malta for her death
Looking back, they had known â perhaps for a long time â that it might end like this. With hindsight, says Matthew Caruana Galizia , red-eyed from emotion and lack of sleep, it seems obvious. âThis wasn't an aberration,â he says. âIt was a culmination.â
The air in the family home in the hamlet of Bidnija, half an hour's drive from the Maltese capital, Valletta, is thick with grief and quiet anger. Police guard the entrance to the gravel driveway and the cast-iron gates in front of the house.
In Pullman's longed-for return to the world of His Dark Materials, two children battle to protect baby Lyra as enchanted allegory combines with a retelling of the Biblical story of the flood
Philip Pullman is the living heir of Lewis Carroll and George MacDonald and, yes, CS Lewis â in spite of Lewis being his chief bugbear, whom he attacks furiously for his religiosity and misanthropy. While JK Rowling carried on the tradition of jolly school adventures and gripping supernatural yarns, he has chosen the pilgrim road of fantastic metaphysical allegory, and his new book nods to Spenser's The Faerie Queene in the same way as His Dark Materials took on Milton and Paradise Lost. In this longed-for opening volume of the new trilogy, Pullman faces his lineage without apology: his young heroine is even called Alice, and the story follows her as she is swept down the Thames in the eponymous canoe of the hero, Malcolm. But whereas the Thames offered Carroll's Alice an idyllic, pastoral meander, a very contemporary apocalypse explodes around this older Alice.
To begin with, La Belle Sauvage feels old-fashioned and comfy, set in a picture-book Oxford redolent of stewed cabbage, meat pies and generous helpings of pudding, lit by naphtha lamps and warmed by brandwijn. The action takes place 10 years before Northern Lights, and unfolds how Lyra, the once and future heroine of His Dark Materials, will come to grow up in the Oxford college called Jordan. The hero, Malcolm, a red-haired, good-natured, savvy and inquisitive 11-year-old, works as a potboy in his parents' pub, The Trout at Godstow, and helps out the nuns living in the priory on the island across the way. He is an ordinary lad in some respects, but a golden boy over all â like Pip and Oliver in Dickens, with a dash of Kim, and of Emil from another classic Pullman admires, Erich Kà¤stner's Emil and the Detectives. As for Alice, she is seen, early on, working as a barmaid; when a customer pinches her bottom, she smashes a beer tankard and flings the handle at the offender.
Andrew Parker seems to have suffered a panic attack this week. Random acts of terror don't threaten the UK's existence
Oh my God, the Muslims are going to get us. Watch out. Our national security is âmore under threat than everâ. Our lives are seeing a âdramatic upshiftâ in threat levels, with âplots from overseas, plots online, complex scheming and crude stabbings, lengthy planning but also spontaneous attacksâ. MI5 boss Andrew Parker seemed close to a panic attack on Tuesday. He found threats âat the highest tempo I have seen in my 34-year careerâ. We should clearly be shaking in our shoes, and give Parker every penny he demands.
The designer nibbles a bean or two to help her stay off the booze on nights out. From shampoo to insect repellant, here's what else she could try
Victoria Beckham is a barrel of laughs. She recently informed her Instagram followers that she starts the day with two tablespoons of organic cider vinegar to aid her digestion. Now come reports that she has taken to chewing coffee beans on nights out instead of fulfilling her patriotic duty to guzzle wine. âBrooklyn really isn't a fan,â the Sun claims, according to sources close to her son. âIn fact, he's pretty disgusted by it.â
Ever since it burst out of the Ethiopian goat herd scene in the ninth century, people have been intrigued by coffee's many uses. As the world's second-most traded commodity, after oil, it certainly gets around. But it has taken an era of crafting and listicles to push that point home mercilessly. Here are some of the best applications.
This week the American writer George Saunders, celebrated for his short stories, won the Man Booker prize with his first novel, Lincoln in the Bardo. He talks about brevity, empathy and how he sees writing as a form of activism
George Saunders won the Man Booker prize on Tuesday night, but while he was working on Lincoln in the Bardo, his winning book, he would sometimes stop and ask himself if it really was a novel he was writing. He still sounds a little unsure. âI still, I still â¦ I mean, it says it is!â he says, pointing to the dustjacket; US tradition dictates that a novel is specified as such on its cover.
Until now, Saunders, 58, has been master of the short story. (He won the Folio prize in 2014 for his collection Tenth of December and in 2006 was awarded a MacArthur fellowship.) This explains why he and his wife, Paula, who has been his first reader since they met in 1986 on a creative writing MFA at Syracuse University, still joke about the book. âPretty good use of white space there!â one of them will say. âI guess it is a novel,â Saunders says.
In a major breakthrough for artificial intelligence, AlphaGo Zero took just three days to master the ancient Chinese board game of Go ... with no human help
Google's artificial intelligence group, DeepMind, has unveiled the latest incarnation of its Go-playing program, AlphaGo â an AI so powerful that it derived thousands of years of human knowledge of the game before inventing better moves of its own, all in the space of three days.
Named AlphaGo Zero, the AI program has been hailed as a major advance because it mastered the ancient Chinese board game from scratch, and with no human help beyond being told the rules. In games against the 2015 version, which famously beat Lee Sedol, the South Korean grandmaster, AlphaGo Zero won 100 to 0.
A trio of works staged in striking industrial settings blur the roles of dancer and audience â and raise compelling questions about the nature of performance
A ballet in an old warehouse. A duet between a woman and a shipping container. A walk through London's docklands. Choreographers have long been fascinated by the challenges of taking dancers â and audiences â out of their comfort zone of the theatre, and three unconventional performances in London this month did exactly that. In doing so, they raise a range of questions. Is a set the same as a setting? When does the performance start and finish? Is sound the same as the soundtrack? And who is watching whom?
Netflix is notoriously secretive about ratings. We may never discover how many people watch any of its shows. For all anybody knows, The Get Down's entire audience consisted of a single confused child watching distractedly in a shed. We have no way of proving otherwise, so for now we must accept that this is true.
Martin Glenn should be among the casualties after select committee inquiry shines light on shameful failings in handling discrimination allegations
Greg Clarke got his handshake from Eni Aluko in the end. After a devastating fourâhour parliamentary hearing that fully illuminated the Football Association's shambolic handling of her allegations of discrimination, it was a confused gesture of goodwill. âI want to meet with you properly,â he said. âDon't worry, I'm not going to try anything, it'll all be above board.â
That the chairman of the FA felt he had to give such assurances to a wronged party, particularly one who played for England 102 times over a glittering 11-year international career, shows what a miserable mess this saga has become. That meeting may never happen, not least because Aluko's devastating testimony should spell the end â certainly for the chief executive, Martin Glenn, and possibly Clarke and the technical director, Dan Ashworth, too.
â¢ âI think he has to think about his team and start looking at himself' â¢ Manchester United manager had said âother managers cry and cry'
Antonio Conte has reacted angrily to José Mourinho's observation that âother managers cry and cry and cryâ about injuries to their players, a criticism perceived to be aimed at the Chelsea manager, and suggested his opposite number at Manchester United should concentrate on his own team.
This was a regulation Manchester United victory pulled straight out of the José Mourinho playbook. His side were uneven yet in Marcus Rashford had a player of elevated class who dragged United to three consecutive victories in Group A with a secondâhalf winner.
Mourinho endured criticism after the goalless draw at Liverpool on Saturday, yet their nine points in this competition have come at the cost of only one goal.
â¢ Scotland captain faces three months out with broken fibula â¢ The half-back is expected to be fit for the start of the Six Nations
Greig Laidlaw is the latest high-profile player from the home nations to be ruled out of the autumn internationals through injury after Clermont confirmed the Scotland captain has sustained a broken fibula and will be out for up to three months.
He sustained the injury on Sunday in Clermont's Champions Cup win against the Ospreys and further examination has revealed he will be out until well into 2018. The news came 24 hours after George North (knee) and Ben Te'o (ankle) became the latest victims in rugby union's rising rate of attrition and it means the autumn internationals may begin next month without as many as 10 players named in the British & Irish Lions squad during the summer.
Olympic gold medalist McKayla Maroney said on Wednesday that she was sexually abused by her USA Gymnastics doctor from the age of 13 until her retirement from the sport last year.
Maroney, now 21, detailed years of abuse by longtime team doctor Lawrence G Nassar, who is already facing criminal charges for molesting other gymnasts. She wrote a lengthy post on Twitter inspired by the #MeToo movement, the hashtag campaign that's encouraged victims of sexual harassment or assault to step forward with their stories.
ESPN asked Jemele Hill to âdiscuss sports topics, news, culture, and social issues' and to tweet on âa current issue impacting sports' â then suspended her for doing exactly that
More than a week into her suspension for some highly anodyne tweets related to the Take the Knee protest, it feels long overdue to devote space to the ESPN anchor Jemele Hill. Still, I vaguely heard we were listening to women for a minute, and wondered if a black woman could catch a little of that entitlement to be heard. The traditional answer to that has been âNo, I'm afraid she can'tâ â which accounts for the nagging sense among many women of colour that sisterliness only stretches so far. Its borders are currently feared to mirror precisely those of Hollywood, California.
Even so, let us journey into the great wilderness beyond. Let us go where the vice-president of the United States can spend up to $250,000 of taxpayer money attending a game just so he could walk out of it when players knelt; where two owners in an 80% or so black NFL can decree that any athlete who silently kneels during the national anthem will be benched; but where a woman whose job is in part to talk about sports and social issues is suspended for doing that.
Celtic are becoming ominously accustomed to Champions League mis-matches. The margin of defeat here may not have been as harrowing as delivered by Barcelona and Paris SaintâGermain in the past 13 months but the tale of a gulf in class was familiar. Bayern â this recently rejuvenated Bayern â further demonstrated the chasm between Europe's elite and the rest; and with consummate ease.
Nonetheless, it would be remiss to ignore the failure of Celtic to do themselves justice. Whereas Brendan Rodgers had spoken before the game in wholly positive terms, his sentiment was undermined by failings in every area of the field. Celtic played as if intimidated by reputation, losing dreadful goals.
â¢ âThings ended very amicably and I wish Wim all the best,' says Konta â¢ Britain's No1 tennis player will not compete again this season
Johanna Konta has split with her coach Wim Fissette, bringing to a surprise conclusion a successful partnership that seems to have unravelled since she made the Wimbledon semi-finals in June.
Konta, 26, who has slipped from No7 in the world to No10 in recent weeks, falling agonisingly short of qualification for the WTA Finals for the second year in a row, said on Wednesday: âAfter careful thought and discussion, Wim and I have mutually decided to end our working relationship.â
â¢ Burnley's Sean Dyche and David Wagner of Huddersfield under consideration â¢ Leicester hope to replace Craig Shakespeare before Everton visit on 29 October
Leicester City's search for a new manager in the wake of Craig Shakespeare's dismissal looks like being far from straightforward, with Carlo Ancelotti and Sam Allardyce among the high-profile names to distance themselves from a vacancy that the Premier League club hope to fill in time for Everton's visit on Sunday week.
Moves for some of the other candidates under consideration, including Sean Dyche at Burnley and David Wagner at Huddersfield Town, threaten to be complicated by the fact that they are in a job, raising questions not so much about the amount of compensation that would be due but more the willingness of clubs to grant permission for any talks.
Spurs manager ran through his options in the commendable draw at Real Madrid and the Argentinian is increasing his sphere of influence at the club
It numbers among the many construction projects at Tottenham Hotspur but, perhaps, it is the one to have drifted under the radar. The London club have committed £30m to the building of a 45-bedroom player hotel on a site adjacent to their Enfield training ground and the rationale is illuminating.
Mauricio Pochettino and his staff are obsessed with marginal gains, with new angles and the creation of the optimum environment, and the private player accommodation lodge, as it is officially known, is another example of the growth that they are seeking.
â¢ Midfielder defends team-mates after âunjustified' Troy Deeney criticisms â¢ Debuchy set to return to depleted Arsenal defence for Europa League match
Jack Wilshere leapt to the defence of his Arsenal team-mates whose temperament was savaged by Troy Deeney in the aftermath of the defeat at Watford last weekend. âAs a player if your attitude is questioned it's horrible,â Wilshere said. âI don't think the comments were justified.
âWhen we look back at what we did wrong I don't think you can question our character. We will move on. We have a game tomorrow and another big one Sunday [at Everton] and the players can bounce back, we've see them do it. As players we haven't spoken about it. I'm sure individually players are disappointed but comments are part of the modern-day game and we have to deal with that.â
Wales have to keep making a stand in an attempt to galvanise the regional game which, the Scarlets aside, remains in a depressed state
Rhys Webb wants to have his Welsh cake and eat it. The Ospreys and Lions scrum-half signed for Toulon earlier this month, days before the Welsh Rugby Union announced a change to its policy governing players outside the country, entrapping the 28-year-old.
The new rules outline that players moving to England or France from next season would only be considered by the Wales head coach if they had reached the 60-cap threshold. As Webb is on 28, he has no chance of reaching that by next September, even with all the extra internationals Wales are fond of arranging.
The team arrived in Brisbane more than a week ago, earlier than planned and at the behest of the head coach, Mark Robinson, who wanted to ensure the controllables â jet-lag, the weather, match-sharpness â were kept in check. For all England's free expression that means they enter the 2017 Ashes a more battle-ready entity than two years ago, thanks to his meticulous planning.
â¢ Officials expect to use usual track but forecast makes decision awkward â¢ At Punchestown, Petit Mouchoir makes winning start as steeplechaser
Ascot officials are expected to decide on Thursday morning that its usual Flat-racing track should be used for Champions Day on Saturday, while acknowledging a distinct possibility that the going there could end up soft by race day. The alternative would be to use the âinnerâ track, which is used normally as the jumps track, but that seems a remote possibility at this stage, officials having committed to making a decision by about 9am on Thursday, before trainers have to declare their final entries.
âI've just walked the outer course and it's good, good-to-soft in places,â Chris Stickels, Ascot's clerk of the course, said on Wednesday evening. âWe gave ourselves the option of using the inner track but that's really only supposed to be used if the outer is heavy or looks like being heavy.â
â¢ Forward sustained hamstring injury during last international break â¢ Senegal coach Aliou Cissé expects Mané to âbe 100% fit' for qualifiers
Senegal have named Sadio Mané in their squad for two crucial World Cup qualifiers next month despite the Liverpool forward being sidelined with a hamstring injury.
Mané is expected to be absent for six weeks having been injured in Senegal's game against Cape Verde on 7 October â a timeframe that would see him available for selection by Liverpool on 18 November. But Senegal's coach, Aliou Cissé, has included the 25-year-old in his plans for qualifiers against South Africa on 10 November and 14 November and says he is sure Mané will be fit.
â¢ Everton manager prepares to face Lyon at home in Europa League â¢ Arsenal at home and Chelsea away in League Cup next for troubled Dutchman
Ronald Koeman believes he still retains the confidence of the Everton board as he tries to turn round a disappointing start to the season, but admits he needs a win at home in the Europa League against Lyon.
Everton have yet to win in Group E, and were beaten in their last home league outing, against Burnley, yet the manager was relaxed enough to make a joke about his position on hearing Craig Shakespeare's observation that any manager is only four poor results from a crisis. âMaybe I am in the crisis already,â he said, before revealing that the majority shareholder, Farhad Moshiri, and the chairman, Bill Kenwright, had offered encouragement when visiting the training ground last week.
â¢ Friendly with Holland last month fell victim to players' protest â¢ Danish FA and players' association have been negotiating since last November
Denmark Women's World Cup qualifier against Sweden has been cancelled because of a pay dispute.
The Danish team refused to play a friendly against Holland last month in protest over pay and conditions and the Danish Football Association (DBU) announced on its website on Wednesday that it had informed its Swedish counterpart that Friday's match, scheduled to take place in Gothenburg, was off.
In a rapidly changing cricket landscape, the upcoming series in Australia promises intrigue among the unknown
A lot has changed since Margaret Peden led out her Australian side onto the Exhibition Ground in Brisbane for the first women's cricket Test match against England in 1934. Back then, the idea of a fully-fledged Ashes campaign comprising three different formats of the game would have been unthinkable.
Yet, 83 years on, here we are, preparing for a month-long series that will see Australia and England face each other in one Test, three ODIs and three Twenty20s. Fittingly, the location for the opener â Sunday's first ODI â is Brisbane.
The Institute for Alcohol Studies' warnings are disproportionate and risk undermining broader health advice. Children are made of sterner stuff
One of the best books my daughters and I read together was The Illustrated Mum by Jacqueline Wilson. It is a grim, hopeful tale that alerts children to the power of love and kinship, and the way these survive in even the most dysfunctional of families. It encourages compassion and a tolerance of other lives. It's obviously not a manual for living, but it is a celebration of the extraordinary resilience of children.
It came to mind because yet another guilt-tripping statistic has just been published. More than half of all parents, a study from the Institute of Alcohol Studies (IAS) reveals, admit their children have seen them tipsy. It's upsetting the children. And the parents too, many of whom confess they feel guilty or ashamed.
In a gallery, obscenity is one thing. But in a public space where people of all ages will see it without choosing to do so? That's bullying
The other day I walked into a Brussels art gallery where a colossal bronze woman was swooning in sensual ecstasy. In case of any confusion about its sexual content, this new sculpture by Tracey Emin is called All I Want Is You. I couldn't help telling the artist she should erect it in a London park. âErectâ is the right word, for she jokes that from one angle it looks like a giant cock.
Dutch artist Joep van Lieshout's Domestikator, a model of a modernist building that happens to be shaped like a man penetrating a dog, makes me worry that I offered the wrong advice. Raunchy art in the adult and sophisticated context of a gallery â if necessary with warnings about its content â is one thing. Obscenity in public space where people of all ages will see it without making any choice to do so is another.
The prime minister looks hollowed out; and the worse she becomes, the more assured the opposition leader appears
Misery on misery. If prime minister's questions was a war zone, it would have been declared a humanitarian disaster by now. Theresa May arrived in the chamber already looking shell-shocked and left an abject wreck. She appears hollowed out both as a person and a politician, a walking dead Maybot for whom every minute spent in the job is complete agony.
The prime minister knows she is hopelessly out of her depth and would like nothing more than to be put out of her misery, but is forced to endure the suffering because the Tories have no one better to replace her. Each day she remains in office, she appears just a little more diminished.
Instead of standing on a pedestal, he clambers down into the gutter of Twitter where he can indulge in the pettiest form of politics
Just when you thought there was nothing left to destroy â no more rules or taboos to break â Donald Trump proved you wrong. After nine long months of bumping along the bottom, our preening president has taken the presidency to a new all-time low.
This week the commander-in-chief has somehow contrived to drive to tears the grieving mother of one of his own special forces. Along the way, he boasted about his own outreach to gold star families, and defamed his predecessors' record on the same.
The Communist party congress in Beijing is all about one man. How he uses the power he has amassed will have an impact far beyond China's shores
âThe capability of any one individual is limited,â Xi Jinping warned five years ago as he assumed China's leadership. Those words were unnecessarily self-deprecating. As the Communist party regrouped for the next great conclave in Beijing on Wednesday, the man now known as âchairman of everythingâ laid out a vision for his nation so grand that it took over three and a half hours to delineate; more than twice as long as his predecessor spoke for at the last party congress.
China is entering a ânew eraâ, Mr Xi declared repeatedly; standing âtall and firm in the eastâ, and ready to move closer to centre stage and become a âmighty forceâ able to lead the world on political, economic, military and environmental issues. Though his words built on his first address as leader, which laid out his âChina Dreamâ of renewed national wealth and power, they were vastly more confident â and understandably so.
The previously lean machine behind Dettol and Durex has bet its future on branching out and scepticism is the right response
Reckitt Benckiser, the Dettol to Durex empire, has enriched its investors splendidly over the past decade â the shares have travelled from £27 to £68 â but the engine now seems to be spluttering. The third-quarter update delivered a second sales warning of the year. Like-for-like revenues will be flat in 2017, which hasn't happened in any year since the company was created in its current form in 1999.
Chief executive, Rakesh Kapoor, can grumble about âa continuing challenging market environmentâ but Reckitt is also underperforming against its peers. In normal circumstances investors might shrug, remember the virtue of patience and trust Kapoor's long-term record. It's not an unreasonable view, but Reckitt has more on its plate these days.
By tweeting Blake's poem A Poison Tree without comment after her Weinstein allegations, McGowan has helped illuminate its complex meanings
As the Weinstein scandal begins to look like a red pill moment for the film industry â revealing the widespread abuse that was there all along â the most startling intervention came from Rose McGowan, a defiant survivor of Weinstein's alleged assault. Without comment, she tweeted the text of William Blake's poem A Poison Tree, a stark, mysterious work whose complex meanings McGowan may actually have done more to reveal than anyone else in modern times. It begins with âI was angry with my friend/ I told my wrath, my wrath did endâ and ends with a poison tree being grown, created by and feeding on the dammed-up rage and hurt at a powerful enemy that is not expressed, and watered by the false smiles that the victim has been compelled to put on, and eventually bringing forth an âapple brightâ. I once studied that poem at university â but never understood it the way I do now, in McGowan's fierce retelling: Eve's revenge against the smug serpent-Adams of this world. From now on, English students reading Blake will also have to study McGowan's exegesis of this poem, and the light it sheds on an aggressor's poison entering the ecosystem and finally returning to its originator.
The universal credit concession is welcome, but policy is still shaped by people who have no understanding of what it's like to be at the sharp end of it
In the latest development around universal credit the work and pensions secretary, David Gauke, announced this morning that all Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) helplines will be free from the end of the year.
It's remarkable how much pressure it took to achieve this concession. Indeed, from the beginning, the response to news that universal credit claimants are being charged up to 55p a minute to call the government helpline has had an air of âlet them eat cakeâ about it.
The EU has offered a fair deal to all its nationals, including Britons who live in Europe. It is in everyone's interest that this vital issue be resolved at once
The debate on what are called EU citizens' rights has become mired in Tory party intransigence and infighting, like much else to do with Brexit. But one of the key reasons for the current dangerous impasse is that the entire debate is framed incorrectly. These are human rights, and as such they affect us all.
Parental leave isn't enough: job-sharing is the only way to make parliament more representative â and the only way someone like me can become an MP
Admitting I am âin politicsâ is not something I do casually. Why would I want people to associate me with duck houses and expenses scandals? Being an MP does seem a pretty lavish existence. A £70,000+ salary, a second home, subsidised cream tea and Chablis, and a nice severance package and pension at the end of it â what's not to love?
If you are a disabled woman, like me, quite a lot. While MPs may have some of the makings of what I would consider a cushy existence, they also lack the hard-fought-for protections that are afforded to the majority of those outside the House of Commons â because they do not count as employees.
In the European parliament, we have made it clear that negotiations depend on credibility. The prime minister must start putting the national interest first
British politicians and diplomats have been famed down the ages for their negotiating skills. From Robert Walpole to Harold Wilson, British leaders were renowned for knowing how to broker a deal. Today, however, the British government is starting to trash that reputation as it moves from being a deal maker to a deal breaker.
As a German I might not have approved of all of Britain's objectives, but I nevertheless watched the UK's negotiating triumphs with a sort of admiration. Now I look on in alarm at the unfolding catastrophe threatening to engulf the Brexit talks.
Kamil was both an asylum seeker and disabled. That combination would prove fatal as he was let down by the Home Office and the police
Kamil Ahmad was murdered in Bristol on the night of 7 July 2016. He had fled his home in Kurdistan, Iraq, after two years of brutal treatment in prison and years of conflict and violent repression following the occupation. He arrived in Bristol five years ago, at the age of 44, hoping to find peace and safety.
With fewer slaves in the world today than there have ever been, it would cost just £650 a head to usher it into extinction â so why hasn't that happened?
How much will it cost to end slavery? About £26.7bn, the cost of five and a half aircraft carriers or the current market value of Snapchat. That works out to about £650 for every enslaved person.
In poor countries, where most slaves live, the cost of liberation and reintegration can be lower than this; in rich countries, it can be much higher. Unfortunately, in 2014 the world's governments were spending about £95m a year on anti-slavery. That is likely to be higher today, but still far below what is needed to achieve change. If we are serious about slavery we will need to bring three key tools to the job: money, people, and knowledge.
Voting once every five years alienates us from politics. Participatory rather than representative democracy would allow us more say in how we run the country
You lost, suck it up: this is how our politics works. If the party you voted for lost the election, you have no meaningful democratic voice for the next five years. You can go through life, in this ârepresentative democracyâ, unrepresented in government, while not being permitted to represent yourself.
Even if your party is elected, it washes its hands of you when you leave the polling booth. Governments assert a mandate for any policy they can push through parliament. While elections tend to hinge on one or two issues, parties will use their win to claim support for all the positions in their manifestos, and for anything else they decide to do during their term in office.
New Office for Students set to receive powers to crack down on âsafe spaces' and bans on controversial speakers
Universities will be told that they must uphold free speech and clamp down on student unions that âno platformâ controversial speakers, the government is to announce.
Jo Johnson, the universities minister, set out plans to challenge the culture of so-called safe spaces in universities, which could allow the newly created Office for Students (OfS) to fine, suspend or register universities that fail to protect freedom of speech on campuses.
Mohammed Mirzo, 20, found his parents and siblings in Cardiff after four years apart, but could now be deported to Bulgaria
A vulnerable young man who was reunited with his family in Cardiff after being separated from them shortly after they had fled Aleppo has been told by the Home Office he has to leave them behind and apply for asylum in Bulgaria instead.
Mohammed Mirzo, 20, told the Guardian he suffered abuse and racism in the southern European country and feared for his safety if he was forced to return only a few months after making it to in the UK.
According to letters seen by the Guardian, Philip Hammond has passed concerns raised by former Labour cabinet minister Peter Hain to the Serious Fraud Office (SFO), National Crime Agency (NCA) and the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA).
Kevin Wilshaw says he joined movement for its sense of comradeship but received abuse over his sexuality
A former National Front organiser and prominent neo-Nazi has denounced the far-right movement and expressed a commitment to fighting racism after revealing he is gay and of Jewish heritage.
Kevin Wilshaw, 58, has promoted white supremacism since he was a teenager and worked with a number of extremist groups for decades. He joined the National Front during the group's heyday in the late 1970s, and later the British National party, before becoming a âfreelance extremistâ who flirted with a string of violent fringe groups such as the Racial Volunteer Force.
Video played in court shows how army expert could fatally tamper with a parachute in five minutes in a lavatory
The court hearing the trial of a soldier accused of trying to kill his wife with a sabotaged parachute has been shown a video demonstrating how it could be done in a toilet cubicle in just over five minutes.
Sgt Emile Cilliers, 37, is accused of tampering with the chute of his former army officer wife, Victoria Cilliers, the day before a jump at Easter in April 2015.
Jackie Doyle-Price announces publication of new guidance but dismisses Labour demands to go further
Labour and Conservative MPs have called for tighter restrictions on the use of vaginal mesh implants, in a parliamentary debate that heard how the lives of women had been avoidably blighted by complications linked to the surgery.
Labour has called for an immediate suspension of the use of the controversial implants, which are used to treat incontinence and prolapse, with the shadow health minister, Jon Ashworth, arguing that thousands of women have been exposed to unacceptable health risks. Tory MP Sarah Wollaston, a former GP and chair of the health select committee, said âan absence of data and cavalier practiceâ had exposed women to unacceptable risks and meant it had taken a decade for problems with mesh to be acknowledged.
John Caudwell in court to hear claims Nathalie Dauriac was âconfrontational, uncooperative and evasive'
A French financial expert wanted control of the company which managed Phones 4u founder John Caudwell's wealth and was âconfrontational and uncooperativeâ, the high court has heard.
Nathalie Dauriac, a former Coutts banker, claims she was wrongly dismissed in 2014 from Signia Wealth, the financial management company she co-founded with Caudwell, and should have received at least £12m for her stake in the business.
Dunsyre Blue, produced by Errington Cheese, was named in a report in March by Health Protection Scotland as source of the outbreak
No criminal charges are to be brought against the Scottish cheesemaker implicated in an E coli outbreak that killed a three-year-old girl.
The family-run firm Errington Cheese expressed relief after the Crown Office confirmed that, based on the available evidence, no prosecutions would be brought as a result of the death in September 2016.
Manuscripts for JK Rowling's books mix with a centuries-old mermaid and a witch's crystal ball in hotly anticipated exhibition
It's all true, and the incontrovertible proof has gone on display in the British Library. Side by side with original manuscripts and illustrations for the Harry Potter books, in an exhibition that opens on Friday and has already sold a record 30,000 tickets, there are dragons' bones, a mermaid, a step-by-step illustration (on a scroll six metres long) of how to create a philosopher's stone, a black crystal ball owned by a 20th-century witch known as Smelly Nelly, and a broomstick on which another west country witch regularly startled Dartmoor walkers.
Even JK Rowling, on a preview visit to the exhibition combining a history of magic with her creations, was astonished to come face to face with the tombstone of one of her characters. She tweeted the image, writing: âGuess what this is? I've just seen it and was mesmerised â¦â
The blue light, which can sometimes be seen by humans, is cast by tiny ridges of different height and spacing on petals, scientists have discovered
Flowers might seem like one of life's simple pleasures, but it turns out there might be more to them than meets the eye.
Researchers have discovered that certain species of flowering plants boast tiny ridges on their petals that, thanks to variations in their height or spacing, scatter light to cast a blueish hue over the blooms.
Jane Collins and Peter Whittle get roles but no place among 34 jobs for other defeated leadership candidates
Ukip's new leader, Henry Bolton, has unveiled a front bench lineup which retains two of the candidates he defeated last month to take the job, as he seeks to unify a party riven by grievances and splits.
Bolton has also named as one of his deputies Mike Hookem, the MEP involved in the scuffle last year with a colleague, Steven Woolfe, which saw the latter end up in hospital.
Claire Gilham says judges face death threats, violent claimants and heavy workloads and should be classed as âworkers'
A judge who has spoken out over the impact of austerity on the justice system has taken a test whistleblowing case to the appeal court.
Claire Gilham, a district judge, who warned about courtroom dangers including death threats, violent claimants and hostage-taking, is fighting employment tribunal rulings that do not class judges as âworkersâ.
Decision to grant Xi his own eponymous school of thought represents a momentous occasion in Chinese politics and history
China's communist leader Xi Jinping looks to have further strengthened his rule over the world's second largest economy with the confirmation that a new body of political theory bearing his name will be written into the party's constitution.
On day two of a week-long political summit in Beijing marking the end of Xi's first term, state-media announced the creation of what it called Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era.
The attorney general concedes for the first time it was possible he had discussed Donald Trump's policy positions with Russian ambassador
The US attorney general, Jeff Sessions, has given a new account of his contacts with the Russian ambassador during the 2016 election, conceding it was possible that they had discussed Donald Trump's policy positions.
The Canadian province is barring public workers from wearing the niqab or burqa and obliging citizens to unveil while using public transit or government services
The Canadian province of Quebec has passed a sweeping ban on face coverings â barring public workers from wearing the niqab or burqa and obliging citizens to unveil when riding public transit or receiving government services â ushering in a law believed to be the first of its kind in North America.
The legislation was adopted on Wednesday, capping off two years of work by the province's Liberal government to address the issue of state neutrality. The resulting law has been condemned by critics who say it deliberately targets Muslim women and will fuel the province's simmering debate on identity, religion and tolerance.
Second incident in five days forces last-minute change of venue for meeting of 28 heads of state and government in Brussels
This week's European leaders' summit has been moved out of the EU's new âspace eggâ headquarters at the last minute after toxic fumes in the kitchens caused staff to fall ill.
The â¬321m (£283m) Europa building in Brussels had been due to host the two-day EU summit, which starts on Thursday, but the event will now take place in the Justus Lipsius building next door, which hosted EU summits before the new building opened in January.
Game of Thrones actor recounts producer marching her to his hotel room and reacting furiously to a rejection before warning her not to tell anyone
The Game of Thrones actor Lena Headey has spoken of how she felt âpowerlessâ during an encounter with Harvey Weinstein, adding her voice to the growing number of women who have accused the producer of sexual misconduct.
In a series of posts on Twitter, Headey said that Weinstein had spoken to her inappropriately at the Venice film festival and reacted with anger when she resisted his advances in a Los Angeles hotel.
Research shows that, despite âremarkable progress' on child mortality, many of the 5.6 million deaths last year among children aged under five were preventable
The number of children who die before reaching their fifth birthday has fallen to an all-time low, yet children around the world continue to die at an alarming rate, with 5.6 million deaths recorded last year.
In its annual report on child mortality, the UN said many of the deaths â which averaged 15,000 a day in 2016 â were from preventable diseases.
On Wednesday, the family of the 34-year-old said it was a blessing to have the family at home and safe. But they said that the family's ordeal was far from over as the years of captivity had taken a great toll on each of them.
President suggests that the former FBI director had decided to exonerate Clinton before the investigation was done, after new documents released by FBI
Donald Trump suggested in tweets early on Wednesday that former FBI director James Comey had decided to spare Hillary Clinton from prosecution âlong before investigation was completeâ into her government email practices, calling the process âa fixâ.
âFBI confirms report that James Comey drafted letter exonerating Crooked Hillary Clinton long before investigation was complete,â Trump tweeted, continuing, âMany people not interviewed, including Clinton herself. Comey stated under oath that he didn't do this-obviously a fix? Where is Justice Dept?â
Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy gives region's president until 10am on Thursday to abandon secession plans and restore âconstitutional order'
Spain is set to enter uncharted political territory as the prime minister, Mariano Rajoy, prepares to carry out his threat to halt the regional Catalan government's push for independence by imposing direct rule from Madrid.
Last week, Rajoy warned the Catalan president, Carles Puigdemont, that he had until 10am on Thursday to abandon his secession plans and return the region to âconstitutional orderâ.
Demonstrators defy police to protest against people responsible for devastating truck bomb in Mogadishu
Thousands of Somalis have demonstrated against those behind the bombing that killed more than 300 people at the weekend, defying police who opened fire to keep them away from the site of the attack.
Wearing red headbands, the crowd of mostly young men and women marched through Mogadishu amid tight security. They answered a call to unity by the mayor, Thabit Abdi, who said: âWe must liberate this city, which is awash with graves.â
Former attorney general says shift ignores bipartisan consensus on reform
Policies âare not tough on crime, they are not smart on crime'
Donald Trump is pursuing âdangerousâ policies on crime that ignore a growing bipartisan consensus on criminal justice reform, former attorney general Eric Holder said on Wednesday at a summit in Washington.
Dutch artist says it is not sexual, but Louvre decided giant sculpture of human appearing to copulate with an animal was too rude to be displayed
From a vandalised butt-plug to a desecrated âqueen's vaginaâ, Paris has often been at the centre of rows over whether some public art is supposedly too rude to go on show.
But the latest spat over a giant metal sculpture of a box-like figure appearing to copulate with a geometric being on all fours is proof that the label âtoo rudeâ can, for some Paris museums, be seen as a badge of pride.
Body found at site where activist Santiago Maldonado was last seen
Major parties suspend campaigning before midterm elections on Sunday
Major parties running in Argentina's midterm congressional election on Sunday have suspended their campaigns after a body, thought to be that of a young protester who went missing more than two months ago, was found in a river.
A government spokeswoman said President Mauricio Macri's Cambiemos (Let's Change) coalition would halt campaigning for the rest of the day after investigators on Tuesday discovered the body in the Chubut river in the country's southern Patagonia region.
Company updates rules on hate speech, revenge porn and violent groups to counter perceptions social network is not doing enough to protect users
Twitter is introducing new rules around hate symbols, sexual advances and violent groups, in an effort to counter perceptions that the social network is not doing enough to protect those who feel silenced on the site.
The company was planning to announce the new rules later on this week, but they leaked in an email to Wired magazine, which published the changes on Tuesday.
As the north-eastern Spanish region continues the debate over its independence, we are in Catalonia hearing from people worried that the mainstream media is not representing their views. The fifth and final video of the series looks at the perspective of Isabel Muà±oz Mitjana, who thinks using fear to influence people's decision-making is wrong and just wants people to talk to each other
Laura Pidcock tells Owen Jones the Department for Work and Pensions is 'a national disgrace', saying it has created a sense of fear and terror by treating those in need as criminals. The MP for North West Durham says she regularly sees people in her surgery who are suicidal
In the UK, Samaritans can be contacted on 116 123. In the US, the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline is 1-800-273-8255. In Australia, the crisis support service Lifeline is 13 11 14. Other international suicide helplines can be found atwww.befrienders.org
Being openly trans in Colombia is dangerous. The country ranks fourth in the world for the murder of transgender people. Across Latin America, the life expectancy of trans women â due to violence, poverty and the risk of HIV â is estimated at between 35 and 41 years. Attitudes are slowly beginning to change, however, as trans men and women speak out against attacks and discrimination
As Catalonia continues to debate independence from Spain, the Guardian has been hearing from people in the region who worry that their views have not been represented in the mainstream media. In the third video of our series, Anna Coll, a member of the pro-independence CUP and a resident of Sant Feliu de Llobregat, argues that a breakaway is the only option for improving living conditions for all Catalans.
â¢ This is the third of five videos in our âI am Catalan' series. Watch them all here.
The latest Guardian documentary tells the story of Alina, a talented footballer thrown into being a primary caregiver after a family tragedy
Home Match follows one crucial year in the life of Alina Shilova, a young Ukrainian woman born and raised in the poor suburbs of Kiev, and torn between playing football and looking after her family.
Alina's life has always been based on playing football, and she was considered for the Ukrainian national football team. Her coach knows she is talented but Alina is failing to live up to her potential. Often her mind is on other things â her mother has long been unable to look after her young brother and sister. After tragedy strikes the family, and with no alternative, Alina becomes the main caregiver for her siblings, responsible for paying the bills and getting them ready for an important new school year.
While the north-eastern Spanish region prepares for the potential declaration of independence, we went to Catalonia to hear from people worried that the mainstream media are not representing their voices.
The second of our video series looks at the perspective of Barcelona-born filmmaker Isabel Coixet, who sees flags dividing the Catalonian people and families being broken apart because of the debate on independence.
The Black Panther star is outstanding as the real-life hotshot lawyer who defended a black man accused of rape by a white woman in 1941
It's impossible not to get caught up in this ripping courtroom drama that watchably restages an episode early in the career of the legendary civil rights lawyer Thurgood Marshall, a decade before he worked on landmark segregation cases in the deep south. It's 1941 and Marshall (Chadwick Boseman) is a hotshot young NAACP attorney, who, like Atticus Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird, is defending a black man accused of rape by a white woman.
As legal drama, this is fairly conventional, stuffed to the brim with stirring speeches and Ah-ha! moments of cross examination theatrics. Sometimes, it feels a bit glib in its focus on the bromance between Thurman and the local white lawyer (Josh Gad) he hires to work with him, though Downton's Dan Stevens is nicely cast as the nasty golden-boy prosecutor who becomes increasingly peevish as the trial wears on.
The TV naturalist wants viewers to understand what it's like to be him â âand the results are brilliant
âWhen you first lick the back side of a beetle that's oozing a yellow fluid, and it's bitter on the taste of your tongue as if you've licked a dirty old sixpence, and it doesn't go away for an hour, that's a really quite powerful thing,â says Chris Packham.
I'm hoping it's back side, not backside. And beetle, not Beatle â¦ Anyway, having spent his entire life hiding his form of autism, the TV naturalist is opening up about it. He wants people to begin to understand what it feels like to be him. Chris Packham: Asperger's and Me (BBC2), it's called. And it's brilliant.
Almeida theatre, London Victoria Hamilton is on breathtaking form as a grieving mother in the Doctor Foster writer's richly layered play inspired by Chekhov's The Cherry Orchard
Gardens often acquire a symbolic value in drama. Since the one in Mike Bartlett's fascinating, complex new play is called Albion, and is attached to a rambling Oxfordshire house, it is pretty clear we are watching is state-of-the-nation stuff. But what makes the play so enormously intriguing is that, as in his King Charles III, Bartlett shows us as a deeply divided people torn between the urge to preserve the past and to radically reform it.
Emily Blunt lends her voice to the latest outing for a featherlight franchise that nods to minipops feminism while it flogging its kid-friendly merchandise
The Hasbroisation of cinema continues apace, although after the relentless din of five Transformers and a Battleship, it's almost a relief to be confronted with something of a more bucolic stripe.
Scholars of the MLP canon should be advised that this full-length animation abandons the comparatively hip Equestria Girls strand of 2015's Friendship Games â wherein the ponies were magicked into smart-talking college students â in favour of a return to the cloud cuckoo land from where the franchise comes. Thus we find earnest purple nag Twilight Sparkle's efforts to stage the annual Friendship festival sabotaged by underbrushed outsider Tempest Shadow â the latter voiced by Emily Blunt, who must have really loved these toys as a child to have wound up in this vicinity.
There are hints of PG Wodehouse and EF Benson in a modern take on the country house novel that takes in broad humour and contemporary mores
For a genre rooted in the 19th century, the country house novel has proved amazingly durable. Tariq Goddard has set his latest book in a North Yorkshire house called The Heights, âonce an Arts and Crafts cottage, now arguably the most attractive dwelling in the countyâ. It is quite a departure for a writer best known for his novels about men in wartime, such as his 2002 debut Homage to a Firing Squad, which was shortlisted for the Whitbread first novel prize.
Nature and Necessity opens in the 1970s and ends roughly around the present day. The lady of the house is Petula Montague, who married into money in the form of her second husband, Noah. She has two children from her previous marriage whom she alternately dominates and neglects; Evita eventually runs away and becomes a drug-addled hippy, whereas Jasper, or Jazzy as he is known, stays on the family estate as a disgruntled labourer, âlike a cross between Arthur Scargill and Bill Sikesâ. Petula lavishes all her attention on her daughter with Noah, Regan (the King Lear reference is entirely relevant). She encourages people to refer to them as âthe sistersâ, and we are told âthere had never been a point in her life where she considered her daughter's property or affairs separate from her ownâ.
Soho theatre, London There's plenty to admire in Graham's new show, including a teenage appearance on The Weakest Link and a fresh-minted routine about the £1 coin
âPush the envelope, but don't lose sight of the envelope.â Ivo Graham's show is full of nifty coinages sending up his own restraint. âThis maverick,â he'll call himself, before telling us the seat-of-the-pants tale of how he left renewing his Young Person's Railcard till the last possible moment. It's funny â but might be more so were he not a mite restrained on stage too. Transferring from the Edinburgh fringe, Educated Guess is a strong show, but the longer it goes on, the more I wanted Graham to unzip the burbling, punctilious persona, unshackle from the script â and lose sight of the envelope entirely.
Shacklewell Arms, London The self-professed âweird black girl' of the DIY rock scene charmed a swaying crowd with songs of heartache and identity crisis
âRun and tell everybody that Laetitia is a small fish â¦ and you're a shark that eats every fish,â sings Laetitia Tamko, aka Vagabon, on The Embers, the punky shebang that resonates more strongly than any other song of this short show. It's certainly the one that has the audience most vigorously indie-dancing â swaying from the waist upward â and singing along. Of the eight tracks on Vagabon's debut album, Infinite Worlds, The Embers is the strongest (and catchiest) expression of feeling small and overwhelmed; the fans' response feels like a gesture of solidarity.
Tamko is a Cameroon-born 24-year-old who moved to New York at 14 and gravitated to Brooklyn's DIY rock scene, where she wondered why there weren't more âweird black girlsâ involved. Vagabon offers encouragement to anyone else who feels institutionally marginalised and might be minded to make inroads into a traditionally white genre, but it's also Tamko's own story. Backed here by a drummer and a bassist, who heighten the raw sound she produces with voice and guitar, Tamko faces her songs head-on.
The author of Beloved reads that novel alongside the real-life story that inspired it, in one of a resonant set of lectures on literature and the fetishisation of skin colour
It is hard not to read Toni Morrison's The Origin of Others in the light of recent disturbing political developments in the US. As Ta-Nehisi Coates points out in his introduction, the central concerns of this slim book, based on Morrison's 2016 Norton lectures at Harvard on âthe literature of belongingâ, may seem to have a new resonance after the election of Trump and given the increasing visibility of white supremacist groups.
Morrison considers the fetishisation of skin colour and the questions posed by our era of mass migration, and offers elegant reminders of some well-known but still unpalatable facts. One is that human beings invent and reinforce dehumanising categories of otherness in order to justify economic exploitation and to shore up our sense of security and belonging. That process of self-justification requires and encourages an extraordinary level of sadism.
Leading lights from the fastest growing area of the economy say it relies on freedom of movement and, without access to overseas talent, it will wither
At least 40 screens line the white-brick and plate-glass walls of Jellyfish Pictures' industrial-style office near London's Oval, but the space is strangely silent: the powerful computers they are hooked up to are all somewhere else.
âLots of companies in computer graphics, visual effects, animation, you'd hear the hum of the machines,â says Phil Dobree, Jellyfish's CEO. âThis is virtual. It means we can take it almost anywhere.â And they might.
In 1997 the Kazakh president launched a plan to protect his new capital from the icy winds of the featureless steppes with a ring of trees. Twenty years on, his scientists are still struggling to grow forests in a spot where no trees stood
âDo you know why women in Astana don't get expensive haircuts?â asked television presenter Dinara Tursunova. âBecause no sooner do you leave the beauty salon, the wind blows away your hairdo, and with it all the money you spent.â
Looking good in the capital city of Kazakhstan is hard work. When Tursunova moved to Astana three years ago for a job with a local broadcaster, what first struck her was the cold and the wind. âIn winter I go around the city in skiing outfits and fur-lined sneakers. It probably wouldn't hurt to put spikes on my shoes. When the wind starts whipping up, you will see people on the ice literally flying away,â she says.
People who were never in debt before have been catapulted into crisis in trial of benefit whose rollout continues despite concerns
For many of Inverness's universal credit guinea pigs, the past year has been exceptionally stressful. The many glitches of a malfunctioning scheme have already caused widespread misery in this city, which has been trialling various forms of universal credit since 2013. The problems unfolding here offer a taste of what is to come when the system goes nationwide.
The escalating difficulties experienced by Mhairi Thomson, a 35-year-old care worker who faced eviction from her home of 16 years, are typical. She claimed universal credit last September just before she got married; her fiance was moving into the house she shared with her 15-year-old daughter â forcing a reassessment of her benefit eligibility and shifting her on to the new system.
La Belle Sauvage will return readers to Lyra's universe tomorrow, 17 years after Pullman's original trilogy ended. But His Dark Materials remains a radical read â and a true modern classic
Children's authors are always being invited to speak in schools and, at every visit, I ask the question: âIf your soul was in animal form, what would it be?â Without fail, every hand goes up.
Daemons capture the imagination in a way that few other concepts do. Reading Philip Pullman's Northern Lights as a 10-year-old, it made perfect sense to me that people should have a crucial part of themselves that inhabited a separate, animal being: two halves of the same whole. Like many children, I longed for my own daemon, but not in the way that I longed for my Hogwarts letter. Daemons were not magical diversions, but a way of bedding deeper into your reality. In place of escape, they offered understanding.
At the start of the third season the cliffhanger ending concluded in a predictable and â narratively speaking â tidy manner: Elliot is alive, and so is Mr Robot. The new arc revolves around Elliot recognising his plot with fsociety to bring down the world economy backfired and committing to undoing or at least diminishing the impact of his handiwork. Angela Moss is inching ever closer to the dark side, the FBI are as incompetent as ever (except for Grace Gummer's Dominique DiPierro) and the Dark Army are an omnipotent threat who seem happy to sit back and let things play out. It's a sea change from the start of the second series when its refusal to conform or neatly explain almost anything was held up by supporters as a badge of honour.
Spain's government has given Catalonia's leader until Thursday to end his secession campaign or risk losing regional autonomy
A little more than two weeks after the Catalan independence referendum, which plunged Spain into its worst political crisis in 40 years, the Madrid government is preparing to take the unprecedented step of suspending Catalonia's regional autonomy and imposing direct rule.
New research shows that 94% of staff pay for essential classroom materials. Five teachers describe how the schools funding crisis is leaving them out of pocket
Would you expect a nurse to have to pay for paracetamol for their patients or a firefighter to foot the bill for the water they use in putting out fires? With the schools budget in England slashed by £2.8bn since 2015 â an average of £53,000 and £178,000 for each primary and secondary school respectively â this is increasingly the reality for teachers.
New research from the National Education Union (the newly merged National Union of Teachers and the Association of Teachers and Lecturers) and TES has revealed that 94% of teachers are having to pay for school essentials such as books, while 73% are regularly paying for stationery supplies, because their schools are underfunded. For some, expenses total £1,000, while two-thirds have made cash donations â and this comes on top of the 42% of parents who were asked to donate to their children's school this year. Other parents and carers have been asked to supply teaching equipment such as stationery and books, in addition to essentials such as toilet paper.
Thrown out of his Kentucky home for being gay, the writer felt his life spiralling downwards. Then he took up opera singing â and everything he had been forced to suppress suddenly exploded out
I became an opera singer because I failed ninth-grade English. I was a terrible student, lazy and without any apparent gifts, and my mark fell further because shortly before semester's end my father discovered I was gay and kicked me out. My parents were divorced, and though my mother would have her own long journey when it came to accepting a gay son, she took me in. Even with a bed to sleep in, though, the change in my situation, and the sudden separation from my father, left little room for study. A guidance counsellor sat me down to explain that as a communications student I wouldn't be able to graduate on time with a missed semester of English; her suggestion was that I change the focus of my studies. I remember looking over the brochure she handed me and being surprised to see that one possibility was choir â the school had the city's only high-school performing arts programme. I had never been musical but I had sung in church choir and I remember thinking that, of the choices available, choir would surely be the easiest.
It frightens me a little, to think of all that followed from that choice. The choral director, David Brown, heard something promising in my voice. He started giving me lessons after school, for free â and at a cost to himself I wouldn't understand until decades later when I worked as a teacher and realised how precious that time must have been. He worked with me on scales and exercises and finally simple songs. He taught me about breath and support, and I felt my voice take on a power and spaciousness that surprised and thrilled me. It was my voice, I felt as I sang, but grander than my voice; it suggested I had unsuspected dimensions. He also introduced me to opera, lending me recordings and video tapes, and in doing so gave me my first real experience of art.
âWe fulfilled people's fantasies. We gave them a chance to experiment, to escape their ordinary lives. The aeroplane backdrop was particularly popular'
I grew up in a rural area of what is now Burkina Faso, but I moved to Bobo-Dioulasso, the country's second city, when I was about 17. There was a real buzz about the town. I started taking ID photos, straight-up portraits, for a small fee. With the help of my cousin Idrissa Koné, who was a musician and entrepreneur, I was able to set up a studio called Volta Photo. That's when it all began.
At first, I only had one backdrop, a set of Roman columns. But in my second studio, I had a bit more space, so I commissioned a few more from artists in Ghana and Benin. The aeroplane backdrop was particularly popular with young people who couldn't afford to travel. It gave them a chance to experiment, to escape their ordinary lives and play with elements of the modern world. My studio fulfilled people's fantasies.
Japanese television might come with a whole host of traumatic associations â the country is famous for its wacky gameshows featuring people eating household objects and performing sex acts on each other. But reality show Terrace House is light years away from that kind of Technicolor debauchery. A dating programme in which three boys and three girls move into an impeccably stylish house (the terrace of the title doesn't refer to an Anglophilic two-up, two-down, sadly, but a balcony), the contestants' budding romances move at a snail's pace â months in and they are still trying to negotiate their way of the friendzone, let alone cross the border into each other's beds. Love Island this most certainly isn't.
Armando Iannucci's new film is a romp through some of the darkest days of the 20th century. But, asks one historian, is farce really the best way to understand the dictator's murderous regime â or its legacy in Russia today?
My first memory of the outside world was watching my parents as they heard an announcement on the radio that Joseph Stalin was dead. The news was greeted not with relish but with awe and apprehension. The Soviet dictator was a colossal figure in the mid-20th century, even in the west. His death on 5 March 1953 was a reference point not just for the Soviet people but for the wider world. Now it is history.
That is until now. With The Death of Stalin, director Armando Iannucci has brought the story surrounding the dictator's last hours and the political scramble among his potential successors to a modern audience. The subject is a strange choice. Where the suicide of Hitler in the bunker has a squalid drama, captured effectively in the 2004 film Downfall, the death of Stalin has to have the drama squeezed out of it, drop by drop. He did not take his own life nor, as far as the evidence suggests, did anyone else. He died of natural causes at his dacha outside Moscow, surrounded by his fearful and sycophantic court.
Following the hallowed path marked out by Sharknado, this bargain-bin effort looks set to push the B-movie to new heights of self-aware silliness. We break down its trailer
Sharknado is old hat. Lavalantula? Passé. Supergator? Consider yourself retired. If you're a fan of objectively bad films with stupid names about large animals, which you'll watch drunk one night because it sounds funny (only to immediately realise that you much prefer films with things like plot and production design), you are in for a treat. Ladies and gentlemen, may I present Snake Outta Compton.
I mean, I could just stop there. Really, the title is all you need to know about Snake Outta Compton. There's a snake â and let's presume, given our affinity with the genre, that it's quite a big snake â and it terrorises Compton. The end. We can also assume that the title came long before the film, and that the budget is so tiny that we'll only actually see the snake in about three scenes.
As the Latino neighbourhood of Boyle Heights combats soaring property prices, some condemn outsiders' involvement â but others welcome their input
The Los Angeles neighbourhood of Boyle Heights has become a landmark battleground in the movement against gentrification, a contest widely seen as pitting working-class Latino activists against an influx of white-owned galleries.
The tactics â rallies, threats, boycotts, confrontations, smashed windows, graffiti saying âfuck white artâ â are controversial and effective: one gallery has fled, others are nervous and have cancelled or moved events.
The Oscar-buzzed film is refreshingly queer, filled with an authenticity that sanitised disappointments such as Dallas Buyers Club and Stonewall still fail to include
It has been a landmark year for LGBT cinema. From Moonlight's Oscar victory to the triumphant Sundance premieres of gay romances God's Own Country and Call Me By Your Name; from the transgender breakthrough of Chile's A Fantastic Woman to the mainstream politicking of Battle of the Sexes, we're seeing a wider-than-ever array of approaches to sexuality on film, no longer confined to the arthouse fringe.
Cedar branches whisper in the Anatolian breeze. Twigs crunch underfoot. A truck rumbles from a distant marble quarry. The crack of a hunter's rifle echoes through the forest.
The sounds of tranquility and violence intermingle at the remote hillside home of Aysin and Ali Bà¼yà¼knohutçu, the Turkish beekeepers and environmental defenders whose murder in Finike earlier this year has sent a chill through the country's conservation movement.
If you're not familiar with the new genre of climate fiction, you might be soon.
Cli-Fi refers to âclimate fiction;â it is a term coined by journalist Dan Bloom. These are fictional books that somehow or someway bring real climate change science to the reader. What is really interesting is that Cli-Fi books often present real science in a credible way. They become fun teaching tools. There are some really well known authors such as Paolo Bacigalupi and Margaret Atwood among others. A list of other candidate Cli-Fi novels was provided by Sarah Holding in the Guardian.
What makes a Cli-Fi novel good? Well in my opinion, it has to have some real science in it. And it has to get the science right. Second, it has to be fun to read. When done correctly, Cli-Fi can connect people to their world; it can help us understand what future climate may be like, or what current climate effects are.
She went viral when a pop star wore her at the 2015 Met Gala. Now the Beijing native is the subject of a book, a documentary and an exhibition. Here, she talks about her âcompletely unexpected' rise to fame
Chinese designer Guo Pei had been creating couture for more than 30 years when Rihanna stepped on to the red carpet in an extraordinary yellow cape two years ago. Dubbed the omelette dress for its striking resemblance to brunch, it went viral and made the world notice Guo's work.
The dress wasn't designed for Rihanna. In fact, it had been sitting in Guo's studio for three years when the singer's team came across it after making inquiries into Chinese couture during the run up to the 2015 Met Gala, the theme of which was China: Through the Looking Glass.
Abdujalil Azimov sits on a stool listening to Uzbek pop on a transistor radio as his sheep graze contentedly in the evening sunshine on a strip of grass in the centre of Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan.
In front rises a line of gleaming white marble blocks containing opulent new flats. Behind him sprawls Olmazor, a centuries-old higgledy piggledy settlement of wattle-and-daub houses that harks back to the ancient history of this central Asian city that was once a pitstop on the Silk Road.
Bodyform's new sanitary towel ad uses red liquid to represent period discharge â about bloody time. Making menstruation more visible in advertising â and conversation â is good for us
Bodyform has broken convention: the feminine hygiene brand's latest sanitary towel advert is the first to use red liquid. The fact that showing liquid that looks like blood to denote real blood counts as taboo-breaking is as ridiculous as the blue liquid inflicted on our fragile sensibilities for years. As Bodyform's slogan declares: âPeriods are normal. Showing them should be too.â
This is about more than advertising. Making periods visible â by using red liquid, but also in discourse â is good for your health. Women's health is routinely underresearched, but you can learn a lot from the state of your period.
How do you know you're planking wrong? You can feel it in your core. Here's how to nail the popular exercise
The plank is the easiest core exercise known to man, woman and fitness model, right? When done correctly, it strengthens your abdominal region, bottom, upper thighs, arms and shoulders. It can be done anywhere, anytime, in almost any clothing and as competitively as you like. (Planking, the exercise, shouldn't be confused with planking, the meme, a fad for being photographed prostrate, often in a public place.) Last year, a Chinese police officer held the position for an unthinkable eight hours, one minute and one second, setting a new world record.
From a junior Brexit parable to a stadium-gig version of the Anglo-Saxon epic, children's theatre is tackling grownup themes in striking fashion
âAfter nourishment, shelter and companionship, stories are the thing we need most of in the world,â suggests Philip Pullman. Telling old stories in new ways is one of the things theatre does best. The audience for those stories â whether six or 60 years old â can determine startling new perspectives too. So it's no surprise that three of our most interesting playwrights, Carl Grose, Sabrina Mahfouz and Chris Thorpe, are turning their hand to theatre for children.
There are many versions of the story retold by Grose in The Hartlepool Monkey, about a primate washed up alive on the beach of the English town during the Napoleonic war. The townspeople mistook the poor animal for a French spy and promptly hanged it. Hartlepool FC still boasts a monkey mascot, although the story hardly shows the town in the best light, as it's one that highlights ignorance, prejudice and xenophobia.
The police recorded a monthly peak of 6,000 incidents in June compared to 5,500 in July 2016. According to provisional police figures, since March 2017 the number of hate crimes continued to increase after the attacks in Manchester, London Bridge and Finsbury Park.
If you're taking part in the FA Cup first round â as a fan, player, coach, manager, board member or in any way at all â we'd like to hear from you
Eighty teams will contest the first round of the FA Cup at the start of November, when there will be plenty of opportunities for the underdogs to shine. What will it mean for eighth-tier Hyde United to host League One's MK Dons at Ewen Fields? How will Heybridge Swifts fare on their travels to League Two high flyers Exeter City? Maybe you're part of the Truro City team who are representing Cornwall for the first time at this stage since 1969?
If your team has made it into the first round draw, we'd like to hear from you. Whether you're a player, a member of the coaching staff or a fan who will be cheering from the stands, share your FA Cup first round hopes by filling in the form below. We'll feature some of your contributions on the site before the matches kick off on 6 November.
If you are interested in a career in artificial intelligence, ask our experts for advice on Wednesday 18 October from 1â2.30pm BST
We are leaving comments open until midnight on 18 October, as this Q&A started late due to technical difficulties. If you would like to ask our experts a question, please comment below
In the last year robots have got a bad rep. Headlines have dubbed machines our âfuture bossesâ, with economists predicting more than 40% of UK jobs will be automated by 2030. But as machine learning improves, there is one sector which is booming: robotics.
In the last three years the number of jobs in artificial intelligence (AI) has increased by almost 500%, according to data from Indeed. Currently, there are more than double the number of jobs than applicants â with companies fighting to grab the best talent.
Perhaps it should not be the class of the degree obtained by which we should judge or select our leaders, writes Mike Elwood, but rather other criteria. Plus letters from Ian Lowery and David Nowell
Perhaps it should not be the class of the degree obtained by which we should judge or select our leaders, but the subject (Letters, 14 October)? Of the two examples cited, Eden studied Oriental languages; Cameron read PPE. Perhaps we should be selecting leaders who, for example, can build (and have built) bridges, or who understand the molecular structure of vitamin C or soap, and could synthesise them, or who can cure, and have cured, people of serious diseases. Or instead, or as well, perhaps we should be selecting leaders not on IQ, but on EQ â emotional intelligence. Mike Ellwood Abingdon, Oxfordshire
â¢ Although Roger Bardell is correct in asserting that the prime ministers ultimately responsible for the debacles of Suez and Brexit were both Oxford firsts, he fails to mention that they were both also Tories. Ian Lowery Kensworth, Bedfordshire
Italy, Switzerland, Croatia, Denmark, Northern Ireland, Sweden, Republic of Ireland and Greece are vying for four places at the World Cup. Who will make it?
Italy, Switzerland, Croatia, Denmark, Northern Ireland, Sweden, Republic of Ireland and Greece are just two games away from securing a place at next summer's World Cup. Now that your opponents have been revealed for next month's two-legged play-offs, we'd like to hear from fans of the eight countries taking part.
At Sheba Feminist Press we published Lorde's Zami: A New Spelling of My Name, The Cancer Journals, Our Dead Behind Us, and A Burst of Light: and Other Essays, writes Sue O'Sullivan
RO Kwon's review of a welcome new collection of Audre Lorde's work (4 October) rightly highlights the late American writer's relevance for today. But her assertion that Lorde was never published in the UK is wrong. At Sheba Feminist Press we published Lorde's Zami: A New Spelling of My Name (UK 1984, republished 1990), The Cancer Journals (1985), Our Dead Behind Us (1987), and A Burst of Light: and Other Essays (1988). Sheba also hosted Lorde on her trips to the UK when many hundreds of women heard her speak. For a wonderful evocation of Audre's impact as a writer and person, read Jackie Kay's article in a recent edition of the New Statesman (30 September). When Zami was first published here, Jackie was working at Sheba. Sue O'Sullivan London
Whether it's stickers on cars heading to the continent, or Jean-Claude Juncker costumes for Guy Fawkes night or Halloween, let us know if you've spotted any anti-EU products or literature
As Theresa May heads to Brussels for a diplomacy blitz to try to convince key EU figures to move negotiations along, the odd sign of frustration with the Brexit process has been spotted this side of the channel.
Readers respond to Gary Younge's article, which argued for an end to all immigration controls
I agree with Gary Younge that borders âexist, by definition, to separate us from othersâ and that the Berlin Wall was built with âthe deliberate intention to trap people in a place they might not want to beâ (Border controls are a sign we value money more than people, 16 October). However, let us not forget that the wall's construction was initially met with considerable relief by the west. The US and UK saw it as an end to communist ambitions to retake the whole of Berlin; they felt that it would not have been built if such plans were in the pipeline. The western allies concluded that the possibility of a military conflict with the Soviet Union over Berlin had significantly decreased. The wall's erection was therefore an important step in helping to de-escalate tensions between east and west at a time when the cold war was at its hottest. Joe McCarthy Dublin
â¢ Gary Younge's otherwise excellent article omits one key fact. The reason he kept âbutting intoâ the Berlin Wall on his trip to Berlin in the early 1980s was that the people it was primarily designed to confine were those living in the West Berlin exclave. The GDR's term for it was the âantifaschistischer schutzwallâ â the anti-fascist rampart â and it was deemed to be necessary to stop the then Federal Republic from undermining the economy of the new German Democratic Republic. Of course, it also brought East Berliners into very close contact with a border that impeded their free movement, but confinement was on both Germanys' minds. Janet Fraser London
This week, Guardian Cities is exploring in depth the oft-ignored â and exceedingly difficult to report from â cities of the five âStansâ: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, a quarter of a century after they became independent from the former Soviet Union.
From the bizarre architecture of the âtrophy citiesâ to the joys and struggles of everyday urban life in some very unequal societies, our goal is to engage with the people who actually live in the Stans cities by publishing some of our reporting in the languages spoken there: not just Russian, often considered the language of the elite, but Turkmen, Kazakh, Uzbek, Kyrgyz and Tajik.
In this month's We Need to Talk About podcast we'll consider whether society is increasingly divided. We invite Guardian supporters to share their viewpoints and send questions for the panel on this topic
Supporters' voices are essential to our monthly podcast, We Need to Talk About â¦ whether our subject matter is Brexit, nationalism or, as in our most recent edition, population and climate change. But your ideas and points of view are also essential in setting the agenda for our discussion â and this month, the topic for our conversation has been suggested by Henk de Jonge, a Guardian supporter from Okotoks, in Alberta, Canada.
âWill there be a podcast that delves into polarisation, which to me seems the most destructive trend in today's society?â Henk wrote, in a thought-provoking email. âUS politics seems to swing further left and particularly right with every election. Europe has bucked the trend, but the risk still exists with integration issues driven by mass migration â which won't stop while climate change takes its toll around the world. Finding common ground seems to become harder and harder.â
Another week of EU negotiations, argument, and speculation has come to an end. How closely have you been paying attention?
"We are seeing a developing disaster, in my view, with the Brexit negotiations."
"We are preparing for every eventuality. We are committing money to prepare for Brexit, including a no-deal scenario."
âAs we look forward to the next stage [of negotiations], the ball is in their court. But I am optimistic we will receive a positive response."
"Brexit is not a game. Don't forget it"
"I voted remain for good reasons at the time, but circumstances move on â¦ you're asking me to say how would I vote in a vote now against a different background, a different international background, a different economic background."
"I thought the best option was to Remain. I haven't changed my mind on that."
"I guess the borders have got to be tightened but all that stuff about going âthis is my country', I don't get that. We all live under one sky."
âThere are many of us in the Conservative party that can't believe that we are still debating and divided over the subject of Europe.â
"On [the question of financial commitments] we have received a state of deadlock, which is very disturbing."
âWe're looking for some urgency from our European partners. It's time to put some tiger in the tank."
Stage and screen actor who took leading roles in Hair and The Rocky Horror Show
Trevor Byfield, who has died of pneumonia aged 73, was a star of stage musicals under the name Ziggy Byfield before becoming a prolific character actor on television, notable for his craggy face, growling voice and âdodgy geezerâ roles as villains and heavies.
He first made his mark in two theatrical and cultural phenomena regarded as outrageous in their time. In 1970 he took over from Oliver Tobias the role of Berger, Paul Nicholas's fellow hippy leader, in the West End production of the American rock musical Hair, which featured nudity and drug-taking, and had opened at the Shaftesbury theatre two years earlier, just a day after the lord chamberlain's powers of stage censorship were ended.
Les Inrockuptibles apologises for âsuffering caused', after angry backlash to edition featuring singer who beat Marie Trintignant to death
French music magazine Les Inrockuptibles has been criticised as âdisgustingâ for putting Bertrand Cantat, the singer convicted of murdering his girlfriend, on its front cover.
Cantat was found guilty of murdering actor Marie Trintignant in 2003 and served four years of an eight-year jail sentence. The court was told he hit Trintignant repeatedly in the head and waited for several hours before calling emergency services. She died in hospital.
Author, poet, biographer and theatre critic who was literature director of the Arts Council of Great Britain
As literature director of the Arts Council of Great Britain during one of its most turbulent periods, Charles Osborne, who has died aged 89, will be remembered by many for his coruscatingly witty memoranda and public responses to criticism of his often controversial policies. But he was also an impressively protean writer, equally at home in biography, journalism, poetry, music, drama and literary criticism.
His writings included studies of the operas of Verdi (for which he had a particular penchant), Wagner, Strauss and Mozart, a biography of WH Auden, and a biographical companion to the works of Agatha Christie. He also had considerable success converting plays into novels, three by Christie (translated into many languages), Noël Coward's Blithe Spirit and Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest among them.
Matt Mondanile's indie project will not be playing multiple US tour dates following accusations
An upcoming tour by Ducktails has been cancelled following allegations of sexual assault against the band's founder Matt Mondanile.
The New Jersey outfit â helmed by former Real Estate guitarist Mondanile â had been due to play 11 dates across the US this autumn. Nine of those shows have now been cancelled. The dropped shows follow an article published by US music website Spin on 16 October, in which seven women accused the musician of sexual misconduct.
Public bodies must collaborate to eliminate hidden exploitation â and people have to be vigilant, says the Welsh anti-slavery tsar Stephen Chapman
In the Senedd in Cardiff, home to the Welsh assembly, Stephen Chapman talks with passion about how modern slavery can be tackled. âNo one person can solve the problem. It is a heinous crime and there is no silver bullet for it, so it demands a multi-agency response,â says Wales' anti-slavery tsar.
The annual art event brings a range of works to the Sydney coastal walk between Bondi beach and Tamarama. This year the outdoor exhibition celebrates its 21st birthday, featuring creations by 104 artists from around Australia and the world. It runs until 5 November
A ceremony at the Natural History Museum, London, will reveal the winners of its Wildlife Photographer of the Year competition on Wednesday. Two overall winning images have been selected from the winners of each category, depicting the incredible diversity of life on our planet. They are on show with 99 other images selected by an international panel of judges at the 53rd exhibition, which opens at the museum on Friday.
The Chinese Communist party congress has opened in Beijing. The conference is a key meeting held every five years. President Xi Jinping is expected to receive a second term as the ruling Communist party leader. Delegates travel from around China to attend and people tune in from across the country
Times Square is one of the world's busiest pedestrian areas, drawing an estimated 50 million visitors annually. But while most tourists pass through to take a selfie, do some shopping or see a show, the photographer Adam Gray spent a full day from sunrise to sunset in the area once called âthe crossroads of the world'
- BO spécial n°11 du 26 novembre 2015: Programmes d'enseignement du cycle des apprentissages fondamentaux (cycle 2), du cycle de consolidation (cycle 3) et du cycle des approfondissements (cycle 4) à compter de la rentrée 2016